World’s rivers ‘awash with dangerous levels of antibiotics’

Largest global study finds the drugs in two-thirds of test sites in 72 countries

Hundreds of rivers around the world from the Thames to the Tigris are awash with dangerously high levels of antibiotics, the largest global study on the subject has found.

*****************************************************

Recommended For You

TigerPress Volume One

Premium one of a kind wordpress themes that do all the onpage seo for you including image seo, with TigerPress themes you can also generate an unlimited amount of geo targeted landing pages in any language.

Tuberank Jeet 4 Pro Monthly

With the help of Tuberank Jeet 4 you can easily drive traffic on your Youtube channels, that will improve your rankings and will also maintain them. If all your traffic is coming from Facebook and Google then this is what you need. It will get you titles,

Nano Express Commercial License

Create, manage and automate TV channels on Apple TV, Roku, and Amazon Fire TV, for yourself and for your customers. Publish massive amounts of content with just a click of a button.

*****************************************************

Antibiotic pollution is one of the key routes by which bacteria are able develop resistance to the life-saving medicines, rendering them ineffective for human use. A lot of the resistance genes we see in human pathogens originated from environmental bacteria, said Prof William Gaze, a microbial ecologist at the University of Exeter who studies antimicrobial resistance but was not involved in the study.

The rise in antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a global health emergency that could kill 10 million people by 2050, the UN said last month.

The drugs find their way into rivers and soil via human and animal waste and leaks from wastewater treatment plants and drug manufacturing facilities. Its quite scary and depressing. We could have large parts of the environment that have got antibiotics at levels high enough to affect resistance, said Alistair Boxall, an environmental scientist at the University of York, who co-led the study.

The research, presented on Monday at a conference in Helsinki, shows that some of the worlds best-known rivers, including the Thames, are contaminated with antibiotics classified as critically important for the treatment of serious infections. In many cases they were detected at unsafe levels, meaning resistance is much more likely to develop and spread.

Samples taken from the Danube in Austria contained seven antibiotics including clarithromycin, used to treat respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia and bronchitis, at nearly four times the level considered safe.

river antibiotics graphic

The Danube, Europes second-largest river, was the continents most polluted. Eight per cent of the sites tested in Europe were above safe limits.

The Thames, generally regarded as one of Europes cleanest rivers, was contaminated, along with some of its tributaries, by a mixture of five antibiotics. One site on the river and three on its tributaries were polluted above safe levels. Ciprofloxacin, which treats infections of the skin and urinary tract, peaked at more than three times safe levels.

Even rivers contaminated with low levels of antibiotics are a threat, Gaze said. Even the low concentrations seen in Europe can drive the evolution of resistance and increase the likelihood that resistance genes transfer to human pathogens, he says.

The researchers tested 711 sites in 72 countries and found antibiotics in 65% of them. In 111 of the sites, the concentrations of antibiotics exceeded safe levels, with the worst cases more than 300 times over the safe limit.

*****************************************************

Recommended For You

VidMatrix Commercial

FIVE Video Creation Solutions For The Price of ONE

The Essential Keto Cookbook (FREE Physical Edition )

Digital cookbook with 120+ Keto recipes including breakfast, appetizers, entrees, desserts, drinks, and snacks.

AffiliateNinjaPro Starter

A Cloud Based App That Creates INSTANT 1-Click Profitable Affiliate Funnels to Build You a HUGE List and Gets Targeted Traffic and Affiliate Commissions on 100% Autopilot.

*****************************************************

Lower-income countries generally had higher antibiotic concentrations in rivers, with locations in Africa and Asia performing worst. They peaked in Bangladesh, where metronidazole,used to treat vaginal infections, was found at more than 300 times the safe level. The residues were detected near a wastewater treatment facility, which in lower-income countries often lack the technology to remove the drugs.

Inappropriate disposal of sewage and waste dumped straight into rivers, as was witnessed at a site in Kenya, also resulted in high antibiotic concentrations of up to 100 times safe levels.

Improving the safe management of health and hygiene services in low-income countries is critical in the fight against antimicrobial resistance, said Helen Hamilton, health and hygiene analyst at the UK-based charity Water Aid.

The research team is now planning to assess the environmental impacts of antibiotic pollution on wildlife including fish, invertebrates and algae. They expect severe effects. The drug levels in some Kenyan rivers were so high that no fish could survive. There was a total population crash, Boxall said.

Original Article : HERE ; This post was curated & posted using : RealSpecific

This post was curated & Posted using : RealSpecific

Thank you for taking the time to read our article.
**********************************************************

Interested in building a blog or auto-blog like this one ? Or just want to order one ?  Join our "Blogging Tips Tricks and Resources Skype" Group and let's chat about it. 

Join "Blogging Tips Tricks and Resources Skype" HERE

Interested in Starting your own Roku TV Channel ? Or interested in learning how to build one ? Join our "Roku TV Channel Development" Skype Group and let's chat about it. 

Join "Roku TV Channel Development" HERE

**********************************************************

If you enjoyed our content, we'd really appreciate some "love" with a share or two.

And ... Don't forget to have fun!

 
 

Recommended

ClickKosh Commercial

Biggest Video Graphic Asset Library

The Internet Marketing Newsletter PLR Monthly Membership*

INTERNET MARKETERS: Your Biggest Headache Has Just Been SOLVED! World Class Monthly PLR Writing Service From Internet Marketer Of The Year Nick James

Content Curation and Posting Software

The Smartest?Way to Improve?Blog Traffic and Engagement

Leave a Reply